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LED lighting scheme design for entertainment venues
The basic purpose of bar lighting is to provide people with a comfortable, romantic, safe, interesting, and functional visual environment. At the same time, lighting can achieve different functions and properties, create an appropriate atmosphere and scene, and create a consistent image. .
Features of lighting in entertainment venues
1. Low illumination, the lighting of the bar determines its low illumination according to its own unique temperament. Generally, it is not necessary to measure the lighting quality of an entertainment venue. The key is whether the atmosphere is in line with the theme style.
2. The lighting is rich in color, and entertainment venues are informal occasions. The lighting is rich in color and dazzling. Different lighting colors combined with the indoor space can create a "peculiar" bar atmosphere.
3. Lights jump, most of the lights in entertainment venues are jumping and dynamic, which is different from the color temperature consistency of lights in general functional spaces.
4. Lighting is very artistic. The lighting in entertainment venues pays great attention to artistry. Different from functional lighting, the artistry of the light environment directly affects the positioning of the entire space environment.
5. Scenario lighting, the lighting of entertainment venues must meet the needs of scene changes. Scenario lighting can bring people countless different psychological feelings and experiences in the same space.
1. Elements that must be considered in the lighting design of entertainment venues
The following major elements must be considered:
(1) Illumination control
The requirements for the contrast of entertainment venues are relatively detailed. Although there is no clear refinement in the "Architectural Lighting Design Standards", more attention is paid to the overall space illuminance distribution planning. Therefore, in the design process, specific subdivisions are made in combination with decorative materials, space themes, and space attributes.
(2) The use of color
In the CIE standard chromaticity system, both apparent and light colors can be represented by a continuous, two-dimensional graph. The spectral characteristics of light color are produced by the type of light, and the apparent color is caused by the type of light and the spectral reflection and transmission characteristics. Luminance values are not considered here; therefore, the hue and saturation of the colors are represented within this chart. The color area is enclosed by an arc, which is where the color saturation is highest. In the center of the area is the lowest saturation point, which is the white or colorless point. The saturation of a color at any level can be found on the line connecting the achromatic point and the chromaticity position of the color. Likewise, the mixture of two colors can be found on the line connecting the chromaticity positions of the colors. Complementary colors are located on the other side of the chromaticity position of the color in the CIE model, and the result of mixing the two colors is white.
In the Munsell system, the apparent color generates a catalog of samples in the form of a three-dimensional array according to the criteria of brightness, hue and saturation. Brightness is related to the reflectance of an apparent color; hue is related to the actual color, while saturation indicates the level of color, from a solid color to a colorless gray. Two-dimensional icons can effectively express light colors, and three-dimensional systems are suitable for apparent colors, and reflectivity needs to be considered separately.
Hotel functional space lighting planning reference table:
|space type||Design Goals/Key Visual Impressions||Spatial Properties/Physiological and Psychological Needs||Activity Needs / Vision Assignments||design development issues|
|bar hall||romantic, relaxing, safe, informal, individual||A lot of people, intensive functions, need a sense of security and stimulation||Emotional exchange, entertainment, wine tasting||Need to strengthen the bar image, horizontal and vertical lighting, high-speed lighting atmosphere when the scene changes|
|VIP area||romantic, tasteful, safe, private||Small in size, need to provide guests with a tasteful and private space||Emotional exchange, entertainment, wine tasting||Visual comfort, color temperature, color rendering control, enhance artistic sense|
|bathroom||Clean, upscale, comfortable||Small in size, it needs to give guests a warm and comfortable feeling and present an elegant environment||Make up, go to the toilet||It needs to be decorated with lights and give guests a warm feeling|
|workshop||Bright, clean and accessible||Provide a good platform for service personnel to operate||Cutting fruit plates, bartending, cleaning tableware, etc.||To choose a light source with good color rendering, give a bright feeling through high illuminance|
|rest waiting area||Comfortable and stress-free||Belonging, intimacy, stress-free, relaxed||rest, wait||Satisfy the needs of people, enhance the sense of fun and art|
|passage/corridor||Comfortable, stress-free, accessible||Distinctive features and style safety||walk||Use lights to adjust the fun of the channel and appropriately increase the artistic sense|
|Water bar/checkout area||Relaxed, Romantic, Organized||Open, Characteristic, Relaxing||drink, checkout, communicate||It is necessary to define the water bar and the cashier with lighting (horizontal and vertical lighting) to ensure the illumination of the cashier and coordinate with the whole environment|
2. Lighting design guidance for key functional areas
The bar hall has a large flow of people and complex functional requirements. In this space, there is a need for reading, and sufficient lighting on the horizontal plane should be considered; there is a display of image walls and artworks, and sufficient vertical lighting is required; at the same time, it should be guiding, and it is recommended to be appropriate Different lighting standards (such as light color, beam angle) are used to define the area.
Low illumination can relax people's mood, make guests feel stress-free and ensure a certain privacy and safety. Therefore, the overall illumination should be kept at a low state. It is also necessary to pay attention to the ingenious combination of light and shadow, increase the drama and excitement of the space, increase the hazy, mysterious and dynamic sense of the space, and make the environment more imaginary.
The VIP area is relatively small and closed. The lighting focus of this space is to create a romantic, private, safe and individual environment, so that guests can experience the supreme service in this space. According to the positioning of the theme, light can be used to express warmth and madness Wild, sexy, elegant and other different styles of VIP rooms.
For the lighting of this space, the color temperature should be a low color temperature of about 3000K, which gives people a warm feeling. For key display areas, narrow light distribution lamps can be selected, and indirect lighting should be used as much as possible to increase the comfort of the space and suppress the generation of glare. For the lighting of the facade, such as the processing of decorative paintings, the number and spacing of lamps need to be determined according to the size of the decorative paintings.
The toilet of the bar is different from the general commercial store, indoor home, public space and other places, it needs to reflect the needs of high-end, elegant and comfortable multi-functional use. The requirements for decoration, lighting and hygiene are very high. For example, the mirror headlights need color rendering and soft lighting, which can provide guests with an environment for finishing makeup.
Corridors and passages are also one of the individual characteristics of the bar. They not only carry the function of linking between districts, but also have a strong automatic guiding role. Therefore, in the lighting design, we should not only pay attention to the natural transition between the corridor and each functional area, but also use the visual effects of lighting to play a silent guiding role for customers.
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